Common Furniture Woods
Straight-grained, dense, strong and lightly colored.
Durable with a warm, rich, reddish color that darkens
Strong and heavy, lightly colored.
Strong and hard without being extremely heavy. Rich dark
brown in color, often with a highly figured grain.
Extremely dense and durable tropical wood, yellow to dark
brown in color. Teak is most often used for outdoor furniture,
on which it develops a grey patina over time as it is exposed
to the elements.
An exoticly grained tropical wood that is closely related to rosewood but is more environmentally sensitive.
Wood treated with a chemical that causes the surface to darken dramatically. It differs from stained wood in that its surface is altered chemically rather than merely coated.
Term used to describe furniture components that are milled
completely from natural wood.
Thin flat panels sliced from larger pieces of solid wood,
then fixed to
a substrate of engineered material such as MDF or solid wood.
to take advantage of wood grain’s beauty while making
and strong furniture.
Product formed by bonding layers of wood or synthetic
materials together, which are then applied to a substrate.
MDF (Medium-Density Fiberboard)
A durable substitute for solid wood that is manufactured
wood fibers and usually coated with veneer or laminate.
Hard, clear, heat-resistant coating applied to natural or
Renewable coating that protects surfaces while enhancing
A modern, synthetic coating that is tougher than
A coating of rubbed–on soap flakes used on light woods
oak to produce a smooth, matte finish. Must be reapplied
Natural or synthetic substance used to color and highlight
grain. Can be water- or oil-based and is usually covered with a
top coat such as varnish, oil or wax.
Renewable finish used to protect and enhance appearance.
Can be used on bare or stained wood and buffed to a high